tissue engineering principles and practices

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Tissue Engineering

Author : John P. Fisher
ISBN : 9781439874004
Genre : Medical
File Size : 69. 94 MB
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Tissue engineering research continues to captivate the interest of researchers and the general public alike. Popular media outlets like The New York Times, Time, and Wired continue to engage a wide audience and foster excitement for the field as regenerative medicine inches toward becoming a clinical reality. Putting the numerous advances in the field into a broad context, Tissue Engineering: Principles and Practices explores current thoughts on the development of engineered tissues. With contributions from experts and pioneers, this book begins with coverage of the fundamentals, details the supporting technology, and then elucidates their applications in tissue engineering. It explores strategic directions, nanobiomaterials, biomimetics, gene therapy, cell engineering, and more. The chapters then explore the applications of these technologies in areas such as bone engineering, cartilage tissue, dental tissue, vascular engineering, and neural engineering. A comprehensive overview of major research topics in tissue engineering, the book: Examines the properties of stem cells, primary cells, growth factors, and extracellular matrix as well as their impact on the development of tissue-engineered devices Focuses upon those strategies typically incorporated into tissue-engineered devices or utilized in their development, including scaffolds, nanocomposites, bioreactors, drug delivery systems, and gene therapy techniques Presents synthetic tissues and organs that are currently under development for regenerative medicine applications The contributing authors are a diverse group with backgrounds in academia, clinical medicine, and industry. Furthermore, this book includes contributions from Europe, Asia, and North America, helping to broaden the views on the development and application of tissue-engineered devices. The book provides a useful reference for courses devoted to tissue engineering fundamentals and those laboratories developing tissue-engineered devices for regenerative medicine therapy.

Stem Cell Engineering

Author : David Schaffer
ISBN : 9781439872048
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21. 73 MB
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While the potential of stem cells is recognized, their proliferation and differentiation must be more precisely controlled to maximize the production of therapeutically relevant cells and for cell replacement therapies to minimize contamination with residual cells that can give rise to side effects. How can engineers make contributions to address these challenges? With contributions from pioneers and experts, Stem Cell Engineering: Principles and Practices highlights recent advances in the understanding of the cellular and molecular composition of the stem cell niche, as well as approaches to build upon this basic information to direct stem cell differentiation into therapeutically valuable lineages. The growing recognition of stem cells as an important and exciting field will continue to draw investigators with diverse backgrounds—from biology, engineering, and the physical sciences—and thereby enable further progress in these and other new directions. This book discusses advances made during the last decade that have led to increasingly defined culture systems for growing stem cells, starting from co-culture with feeder cells in the presence of serum to growth on synthetic substrates in defined medium. In addition to highlighting many recent advances, it underscores the need for future work.

Tissue Engineering

Author : W. Mark Saltzman
ISBN : 0198032404
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26. 24 MB
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Tissue or organ transplantation are among the few options available for patients with excessive skin loss, heart or liver failure, and many common ailments, and the demand for replacement tissue greatly exceeds the supply, even before one considers the serious constraints of immunological tissue type matching to avoid immune rejection. Tissue engineering promises to help sidestep constraints on availability and overcome the scientific challenges, with huge medical benefits. This book lays out the principles of tissue engineering. It will be a useful reference work for those associated with this field and as a textbook for specialized courses in the subject. It is a companion volume to Saltzman's OUP book on drug delivery.

Computational Modeling In Tissue Engineering

Author : Liesbet Geris
ISBN : 9783642325632
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 61 MB
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One of the major challenges in tissue engineering is the translation of biological knowledge on complex cell and tissue behavior into a predictive and robust engineering process. Mastering this complexity is an essential step towards clinical applications of tissue engineering. This volume discusses computational modeling tools that allow studying the biological complexity in a more quantitative way. More specifically, computational tools can help in: (i) quantifying and optimizing the tissue engineering product, e.g. by adapting scaffold design to optimize micro-environmental signals or by adapting selection criteria to improve homogeneity of the selected cell population; (ii) quantifying and optimizing the tissue engineering process, e.g. by adapting bioreactor design to improve quality and quantity of the final product; and (iii) assessing the influence of the in vivo environment on the behavior of the tissue engineering product, e.g. by investigating vascular ingrowth. The book presents examples of each of the above mentioned areas of computational modeling. The underlying tissue engineering applications will vary from blood vessels over trachea to cartilage and bone. For the chapters describing examples of the first two areas, the main focus is on (the optimization of) mechanical signals, mass transport and fluid flow encountered by the cells in scaffolds and bioreactors as well as on the optimization of the cell population itself. In the chapters describing modeling contributions in the third area, the focus will shift towards the biology, the complex interactions between biology and the micro-environmental signals and the ways in which modeling might be able to assist in investigating and mastering this complexity. The chapters cover issues related to (multiscale/multiphysics) model building, training and validation, but also discuss recent advances in scientific computing techniques that are needed to implement these models as well as new tools that can be used to experimentally validate the computational results.

Cell And Tissue Reaction Engineering

Author : Regine Eibl
ISBN : 9783540681823
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 69 MB
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The completion of the Human Genome Project and the rapid progress in cell bi- ogy and biochemical engineering, are major forces driving the steady increase of approved biotech products, especially biopharmaceuticals, in the market. Today mammalian cell products (“products from cells”), primarily monoclonals, cytokines, recombinant glycoproteins, and, increasingly, vaccines, dominate the biopharmaceutical industry. Moreover, a small number of products consisting of in vitro cultivated cells (“cells as product”) for regenerative medicine have also been introduced in the market. Their efficient production requires comprehensive knowledge of biological as well as biochemical mammalian cell culture fundamentals (e.g., cell characteristics and metabolism, cell line establishment, culture medium optimization) and related engineering principles (e.g., bioreactor design, process scale-up and optimization). In addition, new developments focusing on cell line development, animal-free c- ture media, disposables and the implications of changing processes (multi-purpo- facilities) have to be taken into account. While a number of excellent books treating the basic methods and applications of mammalian cell culture technology have been published, only little attention has been afforded to their engineering aspects. The aim of this book is to make a contribution to closing this gap; it particularly focuses on the interactions between biological and biochemical and engineering principles in processes derived from cell cultures. It is not intended to give a c- prehensive overview of the literature. This has been done extensively elsewhere.

Advances In Tissue Engineering

Author : Julia Polak
ISBN : 9781908978905
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 32 MB
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Advances in Tissue Engineering is a unique volume and the first of its kind to bring together leading names in the field of tissue engineering and stem cell research. A relatively young science, tissue engineering can be seen in both scientific and sociological contexts and successes in the field are now leading to clinical reality. This book attempts to define the path from basic science to practical application. A contribution from the UK Stem Cell Bank and opinions of venture capitalists offer a variety of viewpoints, and exciting new areas of stem cell biology are highlighted. With over fifty stellar contributors, this book presents the most up-to-date information in this very topical and exciting field. Contents:Tissue Engineering: Past, Present and Future:An Introduction (R M Nerem)Cells for Tissue Engineering:A Brief Introduction to Different Cell Types (L Buttery & K M Shakesheff)Human Embryonic Stem Cells: International Policy and Regulation (M Allyse & S Minger)Human Embryonic Stem Cells: Derivation and Culture (E L Stephenson et al.)Stem Cells Differentiation (P V Guillot & W Cui)Marrow Stem Cells (D G Phinney)Cord Blood Stem Cells — Potentials and Realities (C P McGuckin & N Forraz)Fat Stem Cells (J M Gimble et al.)Control of Adult Stem Cell Function in Bioengineered Artificial Niches (M P Lutolf & H M Blau)Stem Cell Immunology (A P Hollander & D C Wraith)Development of a Design of Experiment Methodology: Applications to the Design and Analysis of Experiments (M Lim & A Mantalaris)Banking Stem Cell Lines for Future Therapies (G N Stacey & C J Hunt)Materials:Synthetic Biomaterials as Cell-Responsive Artificial Extracellular Matrices (M P Lutolf & J A Hubbell)Bioactive Composite Materials for Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffolds (S Verrier & A R Boccaccini)Aggregation of Cells Using Biomaterials and Bioreactors (Z Bayoussef & K M Shakesheff)Nanotechnology for Tissue Engineering (J S Stephens-Altus & J L West)Microscale Technologies for Tissue Engineering (A Khademhosseini et al.)Non-Invasive Methods to Monitor Tissue Re-Modelling: Biosensors(T Cass)Tissue-Engineering Monitoring Using Microdialysis (Z-H Li et al.)Characterisation of Tissue Engineering Constructs by Raman Spectroscopy and X-ray Micro-Computed Tomography (μCT) (I Notingher & J R Jones)Role of Stem Cell Imaging in Regenerative Medicine (G Passacquale & K Bhakoo)Biotechnology Sector:Lessons Learnt (N L Parenteau et al.)The Promise of Stem Cells: A Venture Capital Perspective (C Prescott)Tissue Engineering Products:Cell Expansion, Cell Encapsulation, 3D Cultures (J M Polak & A Mantalaris)Bioreactor Engineering: Regenerating the Dynamic Cell Microenvironment (T Dvir & S Cohen)UK Regulatory Issues: The View from the Researcher (C Munro & N Harris)Tissue Repair:Stem Cell Therapy: Past, Present, and Future (F Baron & R Storb)Tissue Engineered Skin Comes of Age? (S MacNeil)Liver Repair (N Levicar et al.)Tissue Engineering for Tooth Regeneration (I A Diakonov & P Sharpe)Urogenital Repair (A Atala)Cardiac Repair:Basic Science (S E Harding)Cardiac Repair Clinical Trials (A Green & E Alton)Myocardial Recovery Following LVAD Support (R S George & E J Birks)Osteoarticular Repair:Animal Models (E A Horner et al.)In Vitro 3D Human Tissue Models for Osteochondral Diseases (S Ghosh & D L Kaplan)Application of Tissue Engineering for Craniofacial Reconstruction (D M Gupta et al.)Clinical Trials (A K Haudenschild & M H Hedrick)Lung Repair:Tissue Engineering for the Respiratory Epithelium: Is There a Future for Stem Cell Therapy in the Lung? (V Besnard & J A Whitsett)The Artificial Lung (A N Maurer & G Matheis) Readership: Stem cell researchers, clinicians, surgeons and biotechnology companies. Keywords:Stem Cells;Tissue Engineering;Regenerative Medicine;BiomaterialsKey Features:Discusses in-depth a topical subject, treated with the very latest informationWritten by leading contributors in the field, with the world-renowned Professor Dame Julia Polak as the lead editorContains an array of color diagrams and illustrationsDiffers from competing titles in that its coverage ranges from the basic science of stem cells and biomaterials to clinical applications, policy issues, views from the commercial sector and many others

Principles Of Tissue Engineering

Author : Robert Lanza
ISBN : 9780123983701
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 15 MB
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Now in its fourth edition, Principles of Tissue Engineering has been the definite resource in the field of tissue engineering for more than a decade. The fourth edition provides an update on this rapidly progressing field, combining the prerequisites for a general understanding of tissue growth and development, the tools and theoretical information needed to design tissues and organs, as well as a presentation by the world’s experts of what is currently known about each specific organ system. As in previous editions, this book creates a comprehensive work that strikes a balance among the diversity of subjects that are related to tissue engineering, including biology, chemistry, material science, and engineering, among others, while also emphasizing those research areas that are likely to be of clinical value in the future. This edition includes greatly expanded focus on stem cells, including induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, stem cell niches, and blood components from stem cells. This research has already produced applications in disease modeling, toxicity testing, drug development, and clinical therapies. This up-to-date coverage of stem cell biology and other emerging technologies –such as brain-machine interfaces for controlling bionics and neuroprostheses– is complemented by a series of new and updated chapters on recent clinical experience in applying tissue engineering, as well as a new section on the application of tissue-engineering techniques for food production. The result is a comprehensive textbook that will be useful to students and experts alike. Includes new chapters on biomaterial-protein interactions, nanocomposite and three-dimensional scaffolds, skin substitutes, spinal cord, vision enhancement, and heart valves Offers expanded coverage of adult and embryonic stem cells of the cardiovascular, hematopoietic, musculoskeletal, nervous, and other organ systems Full-color presentation throughout

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