the middle east economies in times of transition

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The Middle East Economies In Times Of Transition

Author : Ahmed Galal
ISBN : 9781137529770
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76. 63 MB
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Diwan and Galal looks at the structure and prospects of the Middle East economies after the 2011 Uprisings, focusing on issues of economic growth, inequality, the impact of oil, and the unfolding political transitions.

Saudi Arabia In Transition

Author : Bernard Haykel
ISBN : 9781107006294
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31. 52 MB
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"Making sense of Saudi Arabia is crucially important today. The kingdom's western province contains the heart of Islam, and it is the United States' closest Arab ally and the largest producer of oil in the world. However, the country is undergoing rapid change: its aged leadership is ceding power to a new generation, and its society, dominated by young people, is restive. Saudi Arabia has long remained closed to foreign scholars, with a select few academics allowed into the kingdom over the past decade. This book presents the fruits of their research as well as those of the most prominent Saudi academics in the field. This volume focuses on different sectors of Saudi society and examines how the changes of the past few decades have affected each. It reflects new insights and provides the most up-to-date research on the country's social, cultural, economic and political dynamics"--

Middle East And North Africa Economic Developments And Prospects October 2013

Author : World Bank
ISBN : 9781464801143
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 47. 65 MB
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The post-revolutionary economies of MENA - Egypt, Tunisia, Libya and Yemen - have been recovering after a period of growth decelerations in 2011. In Egypt and Tunisia, the growth dips of 2011 were less dramatic than the declines observed during previous transitions. The recovery has been relatively quick but the transition process is far from complete and uncertainty about the political and reform process remains a binding constraint to private investment. Consequently, post-transition growth is below potential and is lower than growth prior to the Arab Spring, with negative consequences for employment and poverty. Events in the post-revolution economies have affected other countries in MENA. Macroeconomic fundamentals weakened in most developing MENA countries in 2011-12 as growth slowed and governments responded to social pressures with expansionary fiscal policies. The regional growth outlook for 2013 reflects weaker expected global economic activity, especially in the EU, and moderating oil prices. Regional economic growth is expected to decelerate to 3.5% in 2013 from 5.5% in 2012. Prolonged political and policy uncertainty and social unrest are serious downside risks to the outlook.

After The Spring

Author : Magdi Amin
ISBN : 9780199939114
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43. 9 MB
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This volume examines the economic problems of Arab countries following the Arab Spring. The authors argue that reforms need to accomplish four objectives: more opportunities for youth, modernization of the state, creation of a competitive private economy, and integration of Arab countries with the global economy.

Economic Transition In The Middle East

Author : Heba Ahmad Handoussa
ISBN : 9774244281
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 51. 5 MB
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Is there a new development paradigm? This volume brings together a number of studies on the major issues of adjustment as they apply to countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The authors draw on economic, political and institutional theory in order to appraise and compare the development models, identify the determinants of sustained growth, apply the new development concepts to the case of MENA countries, and suggest viable options to reduce the political and socialconstraints to reform. Four sets of issues are vividly highlighted throughout the book: the issue of integration into the global economy and the speed with which foreign trade should be liberalized; the issue of divestiture and the merits of following various privatization strategies; the issue ofstate intervention in the context of liberalization and private sector orientation; and the issue of democratization and the political economy of reform.

Business Networks In Syria

Author : Bassam Haddad
ISBN : 9780804778411
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69. 56 MB
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Collusion between business communities and the state can lead to a measure of security for those in power, but this kind of interaction often limits new development. In Syria, state-business involvement through informal networks has contributed to an erratic economy. With unique access to private businessmen and select state officials during a critical period of transition, this book examines Syria's political economy from 1970 to 2005 to explain the nation's pattern of state intervention and prolonged economic stagnation. As state income from oil sales and aid declined, collusion was a bid for political security by an embattled regime. To achieve a modicum of economic growth, the Syrian regime would develop ties with select members of the business community, reserving the right to reverse their inclusion in the future. Haddad ultimately reveals that this practice paved the way for forms of economic agency that maintained the security of the regime but diminished the development potential of the state and the private sector.

Understanding The Political Economy Of The Arab Uprisings

Author : Ishac Diwan
ISBN : 9789814596022
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 5 MB
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For the millions of citizens in the Arab World who came together in 2010–2011 to discover their common yearning for dignity and liberty, the real revolutions only began after the wave of protests. Understanding the Political Economy of the Arab Uprisings reassess the interests, potential and constraints of various socio-political players and their importance in the building of a constructive environment for democratic progress in the Middle East. Initiated by the Cairo-based Economic Research Forum and edited by Ishac Diwan, this invaluable volume features contributions by Middle East academics across the world. They examine the reasons behind the uprisings, how democratic transitions transpire, the role of Arab capitalism in the crises, and how the experiences of other countries such as Indonesia, Turkey and Iran, can forecast where these uprisings may lead the Middle East in the years to come. Contents:PrefaceIntroductionThe Genesis of the Uprisings:The Political Economy of Arab Presidents for Life — and After (Roger Owen)Understanding Revolution in the Middle East: The Central Role of the Middle Class (Ishac Diwan)The Making of the Tunisian Revolution (Fadhel Kaboub)A Transition to Democracy?:On the Determinants of Democratic Transitions (Caroline Freund and Melise Jaud)Islamists in Power? Inclusion, Moderation, and the Arab Uprisings (Jillian Schwedler)Arab Capitalism in Crisis:Detecting Corruption and Evaluating Programs to Control It: Some Lessons for MENA (Jeffrey B Nugent)Enhancing Competition in a Post-Revolutionary Arab Context: Does the Turkish Experience Provide Any Lessons? (Izak Atiyas)Lessons from Elsewhere:Political and Economic Developments in Turkey and The Transformation of Political Islam (1950–2010) (Hasan Ersel)Social Order, Rents, and Economic Development in Iran Since the Early 20th Century (Hadi S Esfahani & Esra Ç Gürakar)What Happened in the Early Years of Democracy: Indonesia's Experience (Akhmad R Shidiq and Philips J Vermonte) Readership: Graduate and research students, political scientists, economists, social scientists who specialize in the political economy of the Middle East and current affairs in the MENA Region. Key Features:Written by distinguished Middle East scholars from around the worldTimely topic with the aftermath of Arab revolutions still unfoldingGoes beyond the political perspective of the uprisings (which is what many books tend to focus on), and provides analyses on socio-economic and political-economic aspects of eventsKeywords:Political Economy;Democracy;Transitions;MENA;Arab Spring;Tunisia;Egypt;Libya;Turkey;Yemen;Indonesia;Revolutions;Political Islam;The Middle East;Islamists;Corruption;Competition;Iran;Social Order;Rents;Economic DevelopmentReviews: “How are we to understand the origins and consequences of the momentous changes which have rocked the Middle East in the past four years? This book brings together some of the most insightful scholars of the region to begin to distill some of the lessons from this experience. It takes on board the extent of the variation and the rich historical legacies. An important and fascinating work.” James A Robinson David Florence Professor of Government Harvard University “This is an important book for those are interested in the Arab region and recent ground-breaking events. Ishac Diwan and his colleagues have made a great contribution by providing deep and thought-provoking perspectives on the causes and implications of the so-called Arab Spring.” Mustapha Kamel Nabli Former Governor, Central Bank of Tunisia “… efforts to understand why the uprisings took place, and what effects they have had so far, are of the greatest importance … The contributors to this volume are to be congratulated for the many skillful ways they use a Political Economy approach to provide trenchant evidence …” Roger Owen A J Meyer Professor Emeritus of Middle East History Harvard University “This volume makes a valuable contribution to the growing literature on the Arab uprisings.” Middle East Media and Book Reviews Online “It includes the most commentary on the structural factors behind the uprisings, and a credible hypothesis emerges from some of its essays: in recent decades, neoliberal reforms enacted by Arab states combined with corrupt privatization schemes and crony capitalism to undermine the economic base of the middle class to ally with the lower-middle class and the poor.” Foreign Affairs

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