running behavioral studies with human participants a practical guide

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Running Behavioral Studies With Human Participants

Author : Frank E. Ritter
ISBN : 9781483303635
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71. 8 MB
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Running Behavioral Experiments With Human Participants: A Practical Guide, by Frank E. Ritter, Jong W. Kim, Jonathan H. Morgan, and Richard A. Carlson, provides a concrete, practical roadmap for the implementation of experiments and controlled observation using human participants. Ideal for those with little or no practical experience in research methodology, the text covers both conceptual and practical issues that are critical to implementing an experiment. The book is organized to follow a standard process in experiment-based research, covering such issues as potential ethical problems, risks to validity, experimental setup, running a study, and concluding a study.

Innovative Practices In Teaching Information Sciences And Technology

Author : John M. Carroll
ISBN : 9783319036564
Genre : Education
File Size : 36. 98 MB
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University teaching and learning has never been more innovative than it is now. This has been enabled by a better contemporary understanding of teaching and learning. Instructors now present situated projects and practices to their students, not just foundational principles. Lectures and structured practice are now often replaced by engaging and constructivist learning activities that leverage what students know about, think about and care about. Teaching innovation has also been enabled by online learning in the classroom, beyond the classroom and beyond the campus. Learning online is perhaps not the panacea sometimes asserted but it is a disruptively rich and expanding set of tools and techniques that can facilitate engaging and constructivist learning activities. It is becoming the new normal in university teaching and learning. The opportunity and the need for innovation in teaching and learning are together keenest in information technology itself: Computer and Information Science faculty and students are immersed in innovation. The subject matter of these disciplines changes from one year to the next; courses and curricula are in constant flux. And indeed each wave of disciplinary innovation is assimilated into technology tools and infrastructures for teaching new and emerging concepts and techniques. Innovative Practices in Teaching Information Sciences and Technology: Experience Reports and Reflections describes a set of innovative teaching practices from the faculty of Information Sciences and Technology at Pennsylvania State University. Each chapter is a personal essay describing practices, implemented by one or two faculty that challenge assumptions and push beyond standard practice at the individual faculty and classroom level. These are innovations that instructors elsewhere may find directly accessible and adaptable. Taken as a set, this book is a case study of teaching innovation as a part of faculty culture. Innovation is not optional in information technology; it inheres in both the disciplinary subject matter and in teaching. But it is an option for instructors to collectively embrace innovation as a faculty. The chapters in this book taken together, embody this option and provide a partial model to faculties for reflecting on and refining their own collective culture of teaching innovation.

Human Aspects Of Information Security Privacy And Trust

Author : Theo Tryfonas
ISBN : 9783319393810
Genre : Computers
File Size : 43. 32 MB
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Human Aspects of Information Security, Privacy, and Trust, HAS 2016, held as part of the 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2016, held in Toronto, ON, Canada, in July 2016 and received a total of 4354 submissions, of which 1287 papers were accepted for publication after a careful reviewing process. These papers address the latest research and development efforts and highlight the human aspects of design and use of computing systems. The papers thoroughly cover the entire field of Human-Computer Interaction, addressing major advances in knowledge and effective use of computers in a variety of application areas. The 25 papers presented in the HAS 2016 proceedings are organized in topical sections as follows: human factors of authentication; security, privacy, and human behavior; and security technologies.

Universal Access In Human Computer Interaction Design For All And Einclusion

Author : Constantine Stephanidis
ISBN : 9783642216718
Genre : Computers
File Size : 40. 87 MB
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The four-volume set LNCS 6765-6768 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction, UAHCI 2011, held as Part of HCI International 2011, in Orlando, FL, USA, in July 2011, jointly with 10 other conferences addressing the latest research and development efforts and highlighting the human aspects of design and use of computing systems. The 57 revised papers included in the first volume were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: design for all methods and tools; Web accessibility: approaches, methods and tools; multimodality, adaptation and personlization; and eInclusion policy, good practice, legislation and security issues.

Longitudinal Data Analysis

Author : Jason Newsom
ISBN : 9781136705465
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 84. 63 MB
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This book provides accessible treatment to state-of-the-art approaches to analyzing longitudinal studies. Comprehensive coverage of the most popular analysis tools allows readers to pick and choose the techniques that best fit their research. The analyses are illustrated with examples from major longitudinal data sets including practical information about their content and design. Illustrations from popular software packages offer tips on how to interpret the results. Each chapter features suggested readings for additional study and a list of articles that further illustrate how to implement the analysis and report the results. Syntax examples for several software packages for each of the chapter examples are provided at Although many of the examples address health or social science questions related to aging, readers from other disciplines will find the analyses relevant to their work. In addition to demonstrating statistical analysis of longitudinal data, the book shows how to interpret and analyze the results within the context of the research design. The methods covered in this book are applicable to a range of applied problems including short- to long-term longitudinal studies using a range of sample sizes. The book provides non-technical, practical introductions to the concepts and issues relevant to longitudinal analysis. Topics include use of publicly available data sets, weighting and adjusting for complex sampling designs with longitudinal studies, missing data and attrition, measurement issues related to longitudinal research, the use of ANOVA and regression for average change over time, mediation analysis, growth curve models, basic and advanced structural equation models, and survival analysis. An ideal supplement for graduate level courses on data analysis and/or longitudinal modeling taught in psychology, gerontology, public health, human development, family studies, medicine, sociology, social work, and other behavioral, social, and health sciences, this multidisciplinary book will also appeal to researchers in these fields.

Making Sense Of Multivariate Data Analysis

Author : John Spicer
ISBN : UOM:39015060127662
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 79. 99 MB
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a??This book is a helpful guide to reading and understanding multivariate data analysis results in social and psychological research.a?? a??C. Y. Joanne Peng, Indiana University at Bloomington a??This book serves as a resource for readers who want to have an overall view of what encompasses multivariate analyses. The author has discussed some important issues rather philosophically (e.g., theory vs. data analysis). These points are valuable even for readers who have extensive training with multivariate analyses.a?? a??Jenn-Yun Tein, Arizona State University Making Sense of Multivariate Data Analysis is a short introduction to multivariate data analysis (MDA) for students and practitioners in the behavioral and social sciences. It provides a conceptual overview of the foundations of MDA and of a range of specific techniques including multiple regression, logistic regression, discriminant analysis, multivariate analysis of variance, factor analysis, and log-linear analysis. As a conceptual introduction, the book assumes no prior statistical knowledge, and contains very few symbols or equations. Its primary objective is to expose the conceptual unity of MDA techniques both in their foundations and in the common analytic strategies that lie at the heart of all of the techniques. Although introductory, the book encourages the reader to reflect critically on the general strengths and limitations of MDA techniques. Each chapter includes references for further reading accessible to the beginner. This is an ideal text for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses across the social sciences. Practitioners who need to refresh their knowledge of MDA will also find this an invaluable resource. Key Features * Assumes no prior statistical knowledge * Relies mainly on verbal exposition rather than symbols and formulae * Carries the reader from basic to advanced ideas in a relatively short space to demonstrate their continuity * Highlights the underlying strategies that unite all common multivariate techniques * Encourages the reader to reflect critically on the limitations of multivariate analysis in the broad research context * Uses examples from contemporary research on subjective well-being drawn from a variety of areas in the behavioral and social sciences

Foundations For Designing User Centered Systems

Author : Frank E. Ritter
ISBN : 9781447151340
Genre : Computers
File Size : 51. 64 MB
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Interactive technologies pervade every aspect of modern life. Web sites, mobile devices, household gadgets, automotive controls, aircraft flight decks; everywhere you look, people are interacting with technologies. These interactions are governed by a combination of: the users’ capabilities; the things the users are trying to do; and the context in which they are trying to do them. All of these factors have to be appropriately considered during design if you want your technology to provide your users with a good experience. Foundations for Designing User-Centered Systems introduces the fundamental human capabilities and characteristics that influence how people use interactive technologies. Organized into four main areas—anthropometrics, behaviour, cognition and social factors—it covers basic research and considers the practical implications of that research on system design. Applying what you learn from this book will help you to design interactive systems that are more usable, more useful and more effective. The authors have deliberately developed Foundations for Designing User-Centered Systems to appeal to system designers and developers, as well as to students who are taking courses in system design and HCI. The book reflects the authors’ backgrounds in computer science, cognitive science, psychology and human factors. The material in the book is based on their collective experience which adds up to almost 90 years of working in academia and both with, and within, industry; covering domains that include aviation, consumer Internet, defense, eCommerce, enterprise system design, health care, and industrial process control. “The lack of accessible and comprehensive material on human factors for software engineers has been an important barrier to more widespread acceptance of a human-centred approach to systems design. This book has broken down that barrier and I can thoroughly recommend it to all engineers.” Ian Sommerville, University of St Andrews, UK “As a chief architect for large programmes, this book has given me access to a variety of new techniques and an extended vocabulary that I look forward to introducing my design teams to.” Richard Hopkins, IBM, UK “Even if only a proportion of designers and users read this book we will be so much better off. If it gets the circulation it deserves it could change our world – and that very much for the better.” Peter Hancock, University of Central Florida, USA

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