reforming health care in the united states germany and south africa

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Reforming Health Care In The United States Germany And South Africa

Author : Susan Giaimo
ISBN : 0230338879
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 37. 87 MB
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As countries confront new health care challenges in the 21st century, their health care systems reflect the problems and political settlements of an earlier age. Meeting these new challenges requires reform of existing health care system arrangements while reconciling the goals of equitable access to quality care at an affordable price. This book compares health care reforms in industrialized nations and the Global South to uncover the similarities and differences in their problems and solutions. It examines the struggle over the Affordable Care Act and its alternatives in the United States, major health care reforms in Germany in the new century, and South Africa's efforts to combat AIDS and construct a comprehensive health care system for all. These particular reforms reflect the underlying configuration of politics in each country.

Reforming Land And Resource Use In South Africa

Author : Paul Hebinck
ISBN : 9781136886072
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 79. 84 MB
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This book debates the emergent proprieties of rural and peri-urban South Africa since land and agrarian reforms were initiated after the transition to democracy in 1994. It explores how these reforms have broadened options for the use of land and natural resources. Reform-minded policies in South Africa have assumed that if access to land and other natural resources is less problematic, the use of these resources would be intensified which in turn would alter the structure and dynamic of rural and urban poverty. Reforming Land and Resource Use in South Africa examines in detail, and from several disciplinary perspectives, whether and how this has occurred, and if not, why not. A key argument that this collection pursues is whether land reform has resulted in transformed use of natural (i.e. land, crops, cattle, rangeland, wild products etc.) and other strategic resources (labour, knowledge, institutions, networks etc.), and the value communities and household place on them. The contributions explore a combination of new or alternative meanings of land, including a look beyond crops and cattle per se to include the collection and selling of wild products, as well as a discussion of how land for agriculture has become redefined by land reform beneficiaries as urban land, for settlement and urban employment opportunities, in addition to urban-based agricultural activities. Unlike most analyses and commentaries on land reform, this book pursues an analysis of land reform dynamics at various levels of aggregation. National and regional level analyses of poverty and the ramifications of the property clause are combined with analyses at disaggregate levels such as the land reform project or village. The book will be of interest to both researchers and policy makers with an interest in rural development and social change.

The Impact Of Healthcare Reform Initiatives On Quality And Safety Perspectives Participants Partnerships And Prospects In 30 Countries

Author : Jeffrey Braithwaite Yukihiro
ISBN : 1472451406
Genre :
File Size : 47. 23 MB
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The first of its kind, here is a compendium of the current 'state of the art' in global healthcare reform. It looks at the ways reforms have developed in 30 countries, and specifically the impact national reform initiatives have had on the quality and safety of care. It explores how reforms drive quality and safety improvement, and equally how they act to negate such goals. This is a unique opportunity for the cross-fertilization of ideas on an international scale.

International Health Care Management

Author : Grant T. Savage
ISBN : 0762312289
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72. 74 MB
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This fifth volume of Advances in Health Care Management examines international health care management. It consists of 12 papers, one of which serves as an introduction, with the other papers arranged into three sections. The first section on patients and providers focuses on such issues as how socio-cultural forces affect the health care experience; how hospital providers function differently under various governance structures; how global strategies affect providers and patients; and why and how provider organizations should consider integrating within a health delivery system. The second section on policy and management addresses such dilemmas as whether some health care issues are impossible to solve through traditional policy reforms; how international refugees should receive health care; and whether policy reform lessons from other countries can be adapted and applied to transform another country's health system. The third and final section on performance and management addresses issues such as whether the quality of care can be managed at the hospital level, how human resource management can be benchmarked within and across health care organizations, how health care informatics and telemedicine can improve the continuity of care, and whether different ways of accessing care within health systems can be systemically compared and improved. Authors from Australia, Chile, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, South Africa, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America contributed to this volume. They explore the delivery and organization of care in health systems from Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America, encompassing more than 20 countries in their comparisons. The papers included in this volume were only accepted following a rigorous peer review process. Each paper, whether solicited or responding to our open call, went through a double-blind review and revision process. The result is a select collection of outstanding papers.

The World Factbook 2014 15

Author : Central Intelligence Agency
ISBN : 0160925533
Genre : Geography
File Size : 63. 94 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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In general, information available as of September 1, 2014 was used in the preparation of this edition. Provides brief information on the geography, people, government, economy, communications, and defense of countries and regions around the world. Contains information on international organizations. Designed to meet the specific requirements of United States Government Officials in style, format, coverage, and content. Includes 4 unattached maps, dated June 2012 and October 2012. The October 2012 map is of the world oceans.

Importing Democracy

Author : Raymond A. Smith
ISBN : 0313363374
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59. 96 MB
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"These five volumes represent a huge achievement, and Kay Lawson and Praeger are to be congratulated on having seen the project through to such an impressive conclusion. This is the first time that we have seen such a systematic and comparable treatment of political parties in so many regions of the world. Gathering together the analyses and insights of expert scholars in almost 50 countries around the globe, these volumes offer a remarkably wide-ranging understanding of the relations between political parties, leadership, and democracy in the contemporary world, as well as a set of valuable insights into the role of parties in processes of democratization and even de-democratization. This will be a standard work of reference for many years to come."---Peter Mair, Professor of Comparative Politics, European University Institute, Florence "A hugely important task for any democratic society is reconciling the often contradictory roles carried out by scientists and policymakers. Alm, Burkhart, and Simon address the challenge of communicating technical information to public officials in ways that preserve the integrity of science without undermining key political values like accountability and representativeness. The result is a thought-provoking account of the nexus between science and public policy that is both enlightening and readable."---Charles Davis, Professor of Environmental Politics, Second Edition "Economic consultant and former public servant Moss argues that American politics have been corrupted by special interests, moneyed lobbyists, and the system of campaign finance. He supports this argument through interviews with a variety of Washington actors, including a lobbyist, a European diplomat, and individuals on both sides of the Washington political divide. He then describes the deleterious impact of this corruption in failing to address global warming, raise the minimum wage, fix the health care crisis, or address inner-city crime. He also connects the system's deteriorating political leadership to the tragedy of Iraq and offers a number of measures to solve the problem, including charging the American Political Science Association and other nonpartisan groups with developing candidate information profiles, founding a Federation of Public Interest Organizations,... providing public financing for all federal elections, and restoring federal service capabilities and expertise."---Reference & Research Book News One of the catchphrases of post-Cold War American foreign policy has been" exporting democracy"---to Russia and the former Soviet republics, Afghanistan, Iraq, and beyond. This isn't new. In more than a third of its 112 military interventions since the 1898 Spanish-American War, the United States has declared its aim to export democracy to the countries in question. Yet America's own democratic system of government is in many respects flawed and outdated. Importing Democracy: Ideas from Around the World to Reform and Revitalize American Politics and Government poses the simple but fertile question: Isn't it time that America lifted its exceptionalist embargo on foreign ideas and started to think about the possibility of importing some features from other liberal democracies that might make our system work better? As the oldest written constitution in the world, the U.S. Constitution contains many elements that are out of step with modern needs and norms. These anachronisms have loaded the American system with systemic problems that are only becoming worse in the present century: aggrandizing presidential powers, rancorous party bipolarization, contested sovereignty between national and state governments, preferential treatment of special interests above public ones, corruption of elected representatives by moneyed interests, and paralysis from the permanent antagonism among coequal branches of government. To track down potential models for reforming dysfunctional features of the American political system, author Raymond Smith selects 21 features from the political systems of 21 liberal democracies around the world---including Germany, Brazil, India, South Africa, Iceland, and Australia. He explores and evaluates whether and how U.S. politics and government might be enhanced by importing such ideas as proportional representation elections, a multiparty system, parliamentary practices of accountable government, votes of "no confidence" in the president, restraints on judicial power, a simplified constitutional amendment process, and much more.

The State Of Public Finances

Author : Mr. Paolo Mauro
ISBN : 9781589068933
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39. 40 MB
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