pesticides evaluation of environmental pollution

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Author : Hamir S. Rathore
ISBN : 9781439836248
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 99 MB
Format : PDF
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Pesticides play an important role in controlling pests that carry diseases and threaten crop production. In recent years, however, there has been increased concern about the adverse impacts of pesticides and their degradation products on public health and the environment. A considerable amount of work is being done to develop nonchemical methods of pest control, but it is not yet feasible to dispense with the use of chemical pesticides. Pesticides: Evaluation of Environmental Pollution brings together, in a single volume, current knowledge on environmental pollution caused by pesticides. It helps readers evaluate the effects that pesticide residues have in all compartments of the environment. Featuring contributions by eminent scientists from around the world, the book gives an overview of the fate and transport of pesticides and their degradation in the environment. Detailing the sources, concentration, and hazards of residues, it examines their effects in humans, birds and mammals, fish, soil invertebrates, soil microflora, aquatic invertebrates, water, milk products, and more. The book also addresses endocrine-disrupting pesticides and explores biopesticides as alternatives to chemical pesticides. A review of data on the potential hazards of pesticides, this reference will be of interest to readers working in the areas of chemical crop protection and pollution management. It adds a balanced perspective to the debate between those who think that pesticides should be banned and those who consider the continued use of large quantities to be necessary for the survival of humanity. See also Handbook of Pesticides: Methods of Pesticide Residues Analysis (CRC Press, 2009).

Handbook Of Water Analysis Third Edition

Author : Leo M.L. Nollet
ISBN : 9781439889664
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 11 MB
Format : PDF
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Extensively revised and updated, Handbook of Water Analysis, Third Edition provides current analytical techniques for detecting various compounds in water samples. Maintaining the detailed and accessible style of the previous editions, this third edition demonstrates water sampling and preservation methods by enumerating different ways to measure chemical and radiological characteristics. It gives step-by-step descriptions of separation, residue determination, and clean-up techniques. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Includes five new chapters covering ammonia, nitrates, nitrites, and petroleum hydrocarbons, as well as organoleptical and algal analysis methodology Compares older methods still frequently used with recently developed protocols, and examines future trends Features a new section regarding organoleptical analysis of water acknowledging that ultimately the consumers of drinking water have the final vote over its quality with respect to odor, flavor, and color The book covers the physical, chemical, and other relevant properties of various substances found in water. It then describes the sampling, cleanup, extraction, and derivatization procedures, and concludes with detection methods. Illustrated with procedure flow charts and schematics, the text includes numerous tables categorizing methods according to type of component, origin of the water sample, parameters and procedures used, and application range. With contributions from international experts, the book guides you through the entire scientific investigation starting with a sampling strategy designed to capture the real-world situation as closely as possible, and ending with an adequate chemometrical and statistical treatment of the acquired data. By organizing data into more than 300 tables, graphs, and charts, and supplementing the text with equations and illustrations, the editors distill a wealth of knowledge into a single accessible reference.

Food Analysis By Hplc Third Edition

Author : Leo M.L. Nollet
ISBN : 9781439830857
Genre : Science
File Size : 68. 19 MB
Format : PDF
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For food scientists, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a powerful tool for product composition testing and assuring product quality. Since the last edition of this volume was published, great strides have been made in HPLC analysis techniques—with particular attention given to miniaturization, automatization, and green chemistry. Thoroughly updated and revised, Food Analysis by HPLC, Third Edition offers practical and immediately applicable information on all major topics of food components analyzable by HPLC. Maintaining the rigorous standards that made the previous editions so successful and lauded by food scientists worldwide, this third edition examines: Recent trends in HPLC HPLC separation techniques for amino acids, peptides, proteins, neutral lipids, phospholipids, carbohydrates, alcohols, vitamins, and organic acids HPLC analysis techniques for sweeteners, colorants, preservatives, and antioxidants HPLC determinations of residues of mycotoxins, antimicrobials, carbamates, organochlorines, organophosphates, herbicides, fungicides, and nitrosamines HPLC determinations of residues of growth promoters, endocrine disrupting chemicals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, and dioxins HPLC applications for the analysis of phenolic compounds, anthocyanins, betalains, organic bases, anions, and cations Presenting specific and practical applications to food chemistry, the contributors provide detailed and systematic instructions on sample preparation and separation conditions. The book is an essential reference for those in the fields of chromatography, analytical chemistry, and, especially, food chemistry and food technology.

Environmental Security Assessment And Management Of Obsolete Pesticides In Southeast Europe

Author : Lubomir I. Simeonov
ISBN : 9789400764613
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 13 MB
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The present work is a fine contribution to the broad field of environmental security in the context of risk assessment and management of obsolete pesticides for the region of Southeast Europe. The purpose of this book is to evaluate the existing knowledge of improper disposal of obsolete pesticides in the region, to estimate the associated impact on environmental health, and to develop recommendations to mitigate or eliminate threats posed to the environment, biodiversity and human life. The issues discussed in the book include: reviews of the transport and fate of pesticides and associated contaminated materials in different environmental media and identification of the principal sources, emission routes and patterns of environmental pollution with pesticides; a recognition of the most suitable methods for environmental sampling analysis and sample preparation; an evaluation of the current methods and techniques for chemical and mass analysis of environmental and biological samples and discussion of the metrological and quality aspects of trace analyses; a characterization of the environmental and human health impacts of pesticide pollution, the health effects associated with acute and chronic exposure and the use of epidemiological data for risk assessment; a revision of the existing chemical safety regulations and strategies for protection and management of obsolete pesticide stocks; a survey of the international conventions, directives and standards concerning pesticide use.

Silent Spring

Author : Rachel Carson
ISBN : 0618249060
Genre : Nature
File Size : 56. 88 MB
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Discusses the reckless annihilation of fish and birds by the use of pesticides and warns of the possible genetic effects on humans.

Pesticide Residues In Coastal Tropical Ecosystems

Author : Milton D Taylor
ISBN : 9780203165584
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 95 MB
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The coastal tropics comprise some of the most sensitive and yet the most understudied ecosystems in the world. Coastal plains and river valleys are also home to agriculture on a vast scale, and it is not surprising to find that streams and rivers receive the majority of agricultural runoff, carrying the residues of insecticides, fungicides and other pesticides into estuaries and coastal zones. There is a growing awareness of the urgent need to develop strategies to help productive, healthy and economically viable agriculture to coexist with natural resources. Pesticide Residues in Tropical Coastal Ecosystems brings together toxicology experts from around the world to assess pesticide burdens in many of the major food-producing tropical countries. It provides a unique set of case studies, chronicling pesticide usage and its ecotoxicological impact in coastal regions. A practical guide to recent research findings and applications, it is essential reading for environmental professionals, ecotoxicologists, marine chemists and agrochemists.

The Pesticide Question

Author : David Pimentel
ISBN : 9780585369730
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 32 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Pesticides have contributed impressively to our present-day agricultural productivity, but at the same time they are at the center of serious concerns about safety, health, and the environment. Increasingly, the public wonders whether the benefits of pesticides - `the perfect red apple' - outweigh the costs of environmental pollution, human illness, and the destruction of animals and our habitat. Scientists and government officials are suspected of promoting commercial interests rather than protecting human welfare.

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