novel superfluids volume 1

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Novel Superfluids

Author : Karl Heinz Bennemann
ISBN : 9780198719267
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 96 MB
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Volume 2 of Novel Superfluids continues the presentation of recent results on superfluids, including novel metallic systems, superfluid liquids, and atomic/molecular gases of bosons and fermions. The phenomenon of superfluidity remains one of the most important topics in physics. Again and again, novel superfluids yield surprising and interesting behaviors. The many classes of metallic superconductors continue to offer challenges. The technicalapplications grow steadily. What the temperature and field limits are remains illusive. Atomic nuclei, neutron stars and the Universe itself all involve various aspects of superfluidity, and the lessons learned have hada broad impact on physics as a whole.

Bose Einstein Condensation And Superfluidity

Author : Lev. P. Pitaevskii
ISBN : 9780198758884
Genre : Bose-Einstein condensation
File Size : 41. 38 MB
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Ultracold atomic gases is a rapidly developing area of physics that attracts many young researchers around the world. Written by world renowned experts in the field, this book gives a comprehensive overview of exciting developments in Bose-Einstein condensation and superfluidity from a theoretical perspective. The authors also make sense of key experiments from the past twenty years with a special focus on the physics of ultracold atomic gases. These systems are characterized by a rich variety of features which make them similar to other important systems of condensed matter physics (like superconductors and superfluids). At the same time they exhibit very peculiar properties which are the result of their gaseous nature, the possibility of trapping in a variety of low dimensional and periodical configurations, and of manipulating the two-body interaction. The book presents a systematic theoretical description based on the most successful many-body approaches applied both to bosons and fermions, at equilibrium and out of equilibrium, at zero as well as at finite temperature. Both theorists and experimentalists will benefit from the book, which is mainly addressed to beginners in the field (master students, PhD students, young postdocs), but also to more experienced researchers who can find in the book novel inspirations and motivations as well as new insightful connections. Building on the authors' first book, Bose-Einstein Condensation (Oxford University Press, 2003), this text offers a more systematic description of Fermi gases, quantum mixtures, low dimensional systems and dipolar gases. It also gives further emphasis on the peculiar phenomenon of superfluidity and its key role in many observable properties of these ultracold quantum gases.

Effective Medium Theory

Author : Tuck C. Choy
ISBN : 9780198705093
Genre : Composite materials
File Size : 51. 23 MB
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Effective medium theory is a tool used in condensed matter physics to consider the effect of interactions between fields and materials with various properties. Professor Choy covers both the underlying theory and practical applications.

An Introduction To Non Perturbative Foundations Of Quantum Field Theory

Author : Franco Strocchi
ISBN : 9780199671571
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 31 MB
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The book starts by discussing the conflict between locality or hyperbolicity and positivity of the energy for relativistic wave equations, which marks the origin of quantum field theory, and the mathematical problems of the perturbative expansion (canonical quantization, interaction picture, non-Fock representation, asymptotic convergence of the series etc.). The general physical principles of positivity of the energy, Poincare' covariance and locality provide asubstitute for canonical quantization, qualify the non-perturbative foundation and lead to very relevant results, like the Spin-statistics theorem, TCP symmetry, a substitute for canonical quantization,non-canonical behaviour, the euclidean formulation at the basis of the functional integral approach, the non-perturbative definition of the S-matrix (LSZ, Haag-Ruelle-Buchholz theory).

Phase Space Methods For Degenerate Quantum Gases

Author : Bryan J. Dalton
ISBN : 9780199562749
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 22 MB
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This is a text and reference book on phase space theory for post-graduate students and researchers in the fields of condensed matter, cold quantum gases, and quantum optics who already have a basic understanding of quantum theory. The aim of the book is to provide a theoretical framework for understanding the physics of degenerate quantum gases, which occur in all these fields. The phase space theory is outlined both in terms of a treatment involving separatesingle particle states or modes and in terms of a treatment involving quantum fields. The book contains detailed derivations of all the key results, includes chapters covering necessary backgroundmathematics, with many exercises being provided for readers who wish to check their understanding.

Superconducting State

Author : Vladimir Z. Kresin
ISBN : 9780199652556
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 90 MB
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Superconductivity is a special state of matter. The most remarkable property of a superconductor is that its electric resistance vanishes below certain temperatures, and it allows for the transfer of electric energy without any losses. This and other features lead to many important applications. There have been a number of important breakthroughs in the field. The book describes fundamentals of the superconducting state and latest developments. It represents thestate of the art status of the theory and key experiments for both the historically important conventional superconductors and the technologically significant superconductors like the cupratesuperconductors, MgB2, and the A-15 superconductors. The book is geared toward scientists wanting a detailed understanding of the nature of superconductivity and knowledge about the most interesting superconducting materials.

Homogeneous Isotropic Turbulence

Author : W. David McComb
ISBN : 9780199689385
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 48. 60 MB
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This book addresses the idealised problem posed by homogeneous, isotropic turbulence. It is written from the perspective of a theoretical physicist, but is designed to be accessible to all researchers in turbulence, both theoretical and experimental, and from all disciplines.

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