is water h2o evidence realism and pluralism by hasok chan

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Is Water H2o

Author : Hasok Chang
ISBN : 9789400739321
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 37 MB
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This book exhibits deep philosophical quandaries and intricacies of the historical development of science lying behind a simple and fundamental item of common sense in modern science, namely the composition of water as H2O. Three main phases of development are critically re-examined, covering the historical period from the 1760s to the 1860s: the Chemical Revolution (through which water first became recognized as a compound, not an element), early electrochemistry (by which water’s compound nature was confirmed), and early atomic chemistry (in which water started out as HO and became H2O). In each case, the author concludes that the empirical evidence available at the time was not decisive in settling the central debates and therefore the consensus that was reached was unjustified or at least premature. This leads to a significant re-examination of the realism question in the philosophy of science and a unique new advocacy for pluralism in science. Each chapter contains three layers, allowing readers to follow various parts of the book at their chosen level of depth and detail. The second major study in "complementary science", this book offers a rare combination of philosophy, history and science in a bid to improve scientific knowledge through history and philosophy of science.

Evergreen A Guide To Writing With Readings Compact Edition

Author : Susan Fawcett
ISBN : 9781111840969
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 72. 51 MB
Format : PDF
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EVERGREEN combines carefully crafted instruction, high-interest readings, and student models with numerous sequenced practices. This two-volume EVERGREEN COMPACT provides a convenient and portable alternative for instructors who prefer smaller-trim books for their students. The Evergreen Compact instruction book contains all instruction, writing assignments, art, and readings in the regular Evergreen Ninth Edition, but the practices have been moved to the Evergreen Compact Workbook; the workbook contains all practice exercises and visual images that relate to the practices. Each book has its own Annotated Instructor’s Edition that provides answers and marginal annotations, Teaching Tips, ESL Tips, and Learning Styles Tips. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Ion Channels And Plant Stress Responses

Author : Vadim Demidchik
ISBN : 3642262953
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 48 MB
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Plants live in a constantly changing environment from which they cannot physically escape. Plants therefore need signalling and response mechanisms to adapt to new local conditions. The ef?cacy of such mechanisms underlies the plant performance during stress and therefore also impacts greatly on agricultural productivity. M- ulation of ion channel activity not only provides a means for rapid signal generation 2+ but also allows adjustment of cellular physiology. For example, Ca permeable ion 2+ channels can transduce environmental stimuli into Ca -encoded messages which can modify the gene expression. Furthermore, ion channel activity is essential to control cellular ion homeostasis that impacts on plant responses to drought, salinity, pathogens, nutrient de?ciency, heavy metals, xenobiotics and other stresses. This volume focuses on the crucial roles of different types of ion channel in plant stress responses. Functions of ion channels are discussed in the context of mechanisms to relay external and endogenous signals during stress and as mechanisms to regulate cellular ion homeostasis and enzymatic activities in the context of biotic and abiotic stress. The chapters presented cover cation and anion channels located in various cellular compartments and tissues.

Gene Cloning And Dna Analysis

Author : Terry Brown
ISBN : 9781444334074
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 50 MB
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Known world-wide as the standard introductory text to this important and exciting area, the sixth edition of Gene Cloning and DNA Analysis addresses new and growing areas of research whilst retaining the philosophy of the previous editions. Assuming the reader has little prior knowledge of the subject, its importance, the principles of the techniques used and their applications are all carefully laid out, with over 250 clearly presented four-colour illustrations. In addition to a number of informative changes to the text throughout the book, the final four chapters have been significantly updated and extended to reflect the striking advances made in recent years in the applications of gene cloning and DNA analysis in biotechnology. Gene Cloning and DNA Analysis remains an essential introductory text to a wide range of biological sciences students; including genetics and genomics, molecular biology, biochemistry, immunology and applied biology. It is also a perfect introductory text for any professional needing to learn the basics of the subject. All libraries in universities where medical, life and biological sciences are studied and taught should have copies available on their shelves. "… the book content is elegantly illustrated and well organized in clear-cut chapters and subsections… there is a Further Reading section after each chapter that contains several key references… What is extremely useful, almost every reference is furnished with the short but distinct author's remark." –Journal of Heredity, 2007 (on the previous edition)

Living Psychology

Author : Karen Huffman
ISBN : 0471679380
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 81. 19 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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It's about life. It's about time. Living Psychology was written for students like you, with real lives and real concerns. Full-timers. Part-timers. Working people. Heads of families. Career changers. All with two things in common. Everyone wants relevant material they can immediately use and apply to everyday, real life. And everyone is busy. With you in mind, Living Psychology emphasizes psychology's direct relevance to your modern busy life--careers, business, school, relationships, and society. Real life. Drawing on scientific research and recent advances in neuroscience, behavioral genetics, cognitive psychology, and related fields, Living Psychology shows how to use psychology to better understand everyday life. Using proven hands-on, active learning tools, interactive exercises, video clips, photos, and animations, Living Psychology also helps you learn psychology, while simultaneously teaching you to learn how to learn--so you can learn anything. Real time. Because students and professors are so strongly pressed for time, we organized Living Psychology into 15 chapters, each of which is condensed into brief, manageable modules to help you focus on key content. The accompanying study guides and fully integrated media will also save you time.

A World Without You

Author : Beth Revis
ISBN : 9781101627846
Genre : Young Adult Fiction
File Size : 75. 41 MB
Format : PDF
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What would you do to bring back someone you love? After the unexpected loss of his girlfriend, a boy suffering from delusions believes he can travel through time to save her in this gripping new novel from New York Times bestselling author Beth Revis. "A story that’s both heartbreaking and hopeful." —Publishers Weekly, starred review “Revis’s account of grief, loss, first love, and anguish, presented through a lens of mental illness, is a must-read.” —VOYA, starred review “A heartrending, beautifully complex look at mental illness, life, and loss. I tore through the pages, and, days later, this story still has a hold on me.” —Alexandra Bracken, #1 New York Times bestselling author of The Darkest Minds series and Passenger Seventeen-year-old Bo has always had delusions that he can travel through time. When he was ten, Bo claimed to have witnessed the Titanic hit an iceberg, and at fifteen, he found himself on a Civil War battlefield, horrified by the bodies surrounding him. So when his concerned parents send him to a school for troubled youth, Bo assumes he knows the truth: that he’s actually attending Berkshire Academy, a school for kids who, like Bo, have "superpowers." At Berkshire, Bo falls in love with Sofia, a quiet girl with a tragic past and the superpower of invisibility. Sofia helps Bo open up in a way he never has before. In turn, Bo provides comfort to Sofia, who lost her mother and two sisters at a very young age. But even the strength of their love isn’t enough to help Sofia escape her deep depression. After she commits suicide, Bo is convinced that she's not actually dead. He believes that she's stuck somewhere in time — that he somehow left her in the past, and now it's his job to save her. Not since Ned Vizzini’s It’s Kind of a Funny Story has there been such a heartrending depiction of mental illness. In her first contemporary novel, Beth Revis guides readers through the mind of a young man struggling to process his grief as he fights his way through his delusions. As Bo becomes more and more determined to save Sofia, he has to decide whether to face his demons head-on, or succumb to a psychosis that will let him be with the girl he loves. From the Hardcover edition.

The Perfect Neighbors

Author : Sarah Pekkanen
ISBN : 9781501106507
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 41. 1 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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One of Glamour’s Best Books of Summer * An Us Weekly Trending Title “A delicious beach read.” –People “Relatable characters round out a fun, fast read.” –Good Housekeeping “A compelling, suspenseful tale.” –Kirkus Reviews “The perfect summer read.” –Booklist How well do you ever really know the family next door? Bucolic Newport Cove, where spontaneous block parties occur on balmy nights and all of the streets are named for flowers, is proud of its distinction of being named one the top twenty safest neighborhoods in the US. It’s also one of the most secret-filled. Kellie Scott has just returned to work after a decade of being a stay-at-home mom. She’s adjusting to high heels, scrambling to cook dinner for her family after a day at the office—and soaking in the dangerous attention of a very handsome, very married male colleague. Kellie’s neighbor Susan Barrett begins every day with fresh resolutions: she won’t eat any carbs, she’ll go to bed at a reasonable hour, and she’ll stop stalking her ex-husband and his new girlfriend. Gigi Kennedy seems to have it all together—except her teenage daughter has turned into a hostile stranger and her husband is running for Congress, which means her old skeletons are in danger of being brought into the light. Then a new family moves to this quiet, tree-lined cul-de-sac. Tessa Campbell seems friendly enough to the other mothers, if a bit reserved. Then the neighbors notice that no one is ever invited to Tessa’s house. And soon, it becomes clear that Tessa is hiding the biggest secret of all.

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