ionic interactions in natural and synthetic macromolecules

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Ionic Interactions In Natural And Synthetic Macromolecules

Author : Alberto Ciferri
ISBN : 9781118165843
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 12 MB
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This book is a comprehensive study of the subject of ionic interactions in macromolecules. The first parts of the book review and analyze the conventional treatments of fixed charges (e.g. in polyelectrolytes and polyampholytes), including screening and condensation by mobile ions. The interaction of ions with less polar sites on the macromolecule (e.g. amide bonds), and the origin of the lyotropic effects (focusing on binding versus condensation) will also be extensively addressed. The book also explores complex micellar organizations involving charged macromolecules (e.g. DNA) and low-molecular-weight ampholytes and strong protein associations. The resulting structures are relevant to a variety of functional biological systems and synthetic analogs. The contribution of electrostatic and hydrophobic interaction to the stability of proteins and other supramolecular structures will also be analyzed. There are chapters on applications such as deionization and cosmetic formulation. This 21-chapter book is divided into three sections: Fundamentals Mixed Interactions Functions and Applications

Modification And Blending Of Synthetic And Natural Macromolecules

Author : Francesco Ciardelli
ISBN : 9781402027352
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50. 38 MB
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The book provides a unique collection of 15 contributions by 15 internationally recognized scientists performing intensive research activity on the preparation and characterization of complex and multiphase materials based on macromolecules as well as on the evaluation and simulation of structure/properties relations. The topic is assuming a general increasing importance as providing a highly sustainable and modern approach to the present and future development of the important area of materials science and technology. The scientific route along the successive contributions goes from the controlled preparation of functional MM both by innovative polymerization reactions and preformed polymers modification (intramacromolecular complexity), to their combination with other MMs and materials to give blends and composites where new properties are conveniently achieved by morphologic complexity. The synergic behaviour of the different components in these last is obtained by reactive processing producing the necessary interfacial adhesion. Even if most examples deal with man-made MMs, biopolymers are also included. The various chapters provide in most cases an exhaustive fundamental description assisted by an up- to-date and broad list of relevant references The book is therefore an excellent informative and formative instrument for those involved in complex materials preparation and application in research and industry.

Biochemistry Of Scandium And Yttrium Part 2 Biochemistry And Applications

Author : Chaim T. Horovitz
ISBN : 0306456575
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 88 MB
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Biochemistry of Scandium and Yttrium gathers together existing knowledge about scandium and yttrium from a wide variety of disciplines. Part 2 addresses the biochemical aspects of these two elements, and the various medical and environmental applications. (Part 1 presents a comparative study of the physical and chemical properties of scandium and yttrium, looking at both their similarities and their differences.) While these elements are relatively rare in nature, these books will show that they have unusual physical and chemical properties, and a disproportionate number of important applications. Improved analytical techniques have revealed that scandium and yttrium are present throughout living matter, even though only a relatively limited number of species have been analyzed so far. This fact of course has far-ranging implications for biological and environmental concerns. The major impacts of scandium and yttrium in science, technology, and medicine will be of interest to a wide variety of researchers, including geochemists, inorganic and organic chemists, clinical biochemists, and those specializing in environmental protection.

Tin Chemistry

Author : Marcel Gielen
ISBN : 9780470758083
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 48 MB
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Tin chemistry retains a place in contemporary science as an important element owing to its wide range of applications. New and exciting research is being generated on an annual basis from all parts of the world – the study of tin and its compounds attracts considerable interest from a range of perspectives such as organic synthesis, medicine, materials chemistry, catalysis and environment. Tin Chemistry – Fundamentals, Frontiers and Applications collects, in one comprehensive volume, authoritative and concise snapshots of modern tin chemistry in a full range of applications. Over forty of the leading tin chemistry experts have contributed reviews in six themes: fundamentals in tin chemistry materials chemistry and structural chemistry of tin compounds medicinal and biocidal applications of tin compounds tin in the environment tin in organic synthesis tin in catalysis Tin Chemistry – Fundamentals, Frontiers and Applications is an essential overview of modern perspectives on this important element for the specialist and non-specialist alike. It will promote cross-disciplinary interactions and at the same time be an essential teaching resource for advanced university classes.

Macromolecules Containing Metal And Metal Like Elements Nanoscale Interactions Of Metal Containing Polymers

Author : Alaa S. Abd-El-Aziz
ISBN : 9780471773252
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 39 MB
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This series provides a useful, applications-oriented forum for the next generation of macromolecules and materials. This volume, seventh in the series, covers nanoscale interactions of metal-containing polymers. Example chapters include: * Nanoscale Clusters and Molecular Orbital Interactions in Macromolecular-Metal Complexes * Metal Oxide Clusters as Building Blocks for Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Polymers

Advanced Organic Chemistry Of Nucleic Acids

Author : Zoe A. Shabarova
ISBN : 9783527615926
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 53 MB
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Sequencing, cloning, transcription - these are but a few key techniques behind the current breathtaking advances in molecular biology and biochemistry. As these methods continuosly diversify, biochemists need a sound chemical understanding to keep the pace. Chemists beginning working in the molecular biology lab need an introduction to this field from their point of view. This book serves both: it describes most of the known chemical reactions of nucleosides, nucleotides, and nucleic acids in sufficient detail to provide the desired background, and additionally, the fundamental relations between sequence, structure and functionality of nucleic acids are presented. The first edition of this book, which was published in Russian, has immediately become a recognized standard reference. This second, thoroughly revised and updated edition, now published in English, is likely to achieve a similar position in the international scientific community.

Ion Properties

Author : Yitzhak Marcus
ISBN : 0824700112
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 12 MB
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Considering the properties of inorganic and organic ions pertaining directly, as well as indirectly, to their behaviour in solutions, this work aims to enable the specialist and non-specialist alike to comprehend ion behaviour in ongoing and developing studies and applications. The companion disk is for use with Microsoft Access 2.0.

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