introduction to the foundations of mathematics 2nd edition

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Introduction To The Foundations Of Mathematics

Author : Raymond L. Wilder
ISBN : 9780486488202
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51. 83 MB
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This classic undergraduate text by an eminent educator acquaints students with the fundamental concepts and methods of mathematics. In addition to introducing many noteworthy historical figures from the eighteenth through the mid-twentieth centuries, the book examines the axiomatic method, set theory, infinite sets, the linear continuum and the real number system, and groups. Additional topics include the Frege-Russell thesis, intuitionism, formal systems, mathematical logic, and the cultural setting of mathematics. Students and teachers will find that this elegant treatment covers a vast amount of material in a single reasonably concise and readable volume. Each chapter concludes with a set of problems and a list of suggested readings. An extensive bibliography and helpful indexes conclude the text.

Introduction To The Foundations Of Mathematics

Author : Raymond L. Wilder
ISBN : 9780486276205
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 26. 67 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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This classic undergraduate text acquaints students with the fundamental concepts and methods of mathematics. In addition to introducing many historical figures from the 18th through the mid-20th centuries, it examines the axiomatic method, set theory, infinite sets, groups, intuitionism, formal systems, mathematical logic, and other topics. 1965 second edition.

Mathematical Physics

Author : Sadri Hassani
ISBN : 9783319011950
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 38 MB
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The goal of this book is to expose the reader to the indispensable role that mathematics---often very abstract---plays in modern physics. Starting with the notion of vector spaces, the first half of the book develops topics as diverse as algebras, classical orthogonal polynomials, Fourier analysis, complex analysis, differential and integral equations, operator theory, and multi-dimensional Green's functions. The second half of the book introduces groups, manifolds, Lie groups and their representations, Clifford algebras and their representations, and fiber bundles and their applications to differential geometry and gauge theories. This second edition is a substantial revision of the first one with a complete rewriting of many chapters and the addition of new ones, including chapters on algebras, representation of Clifford algebras and spinors, fiber bundles, and gauge theories. The spirit of the first edition, namely the balance between rigor and physical application, has been maintained, as is the abundance of historical notes and worked out examples that demonstrate the "unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics" in modern physics. Einstein has famously said, "The most incomprehensible thing about nature is that it is comprehensible." What he had in mind was reiterated in another one of his famous quotes concerning the question of how " ... mathematics, being after all a product of human thought, is so admirably appropriate to the objects of reality." It is a question that comes to everyone's mind when encountering the highly abstract mathematics required for a deep understanding of modern physics. It is the experience that Eugene Wigner so profoundly described as "the unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics in the natural sciences." Some praise for the previous edition: PAGEOPH [Pure and Applied Geophysics] Review by Daniel Wojcik, University of Maryland "This volume should be a welcome addition to any collection. The book is well written and explanations are usually clear. Lives of famous mathematicians and physicists are scattered within the book. They are quite extended, often amusing, making nice interludes. Numerous exercises help the student practice the methods introduced. ... I have recently been using this book for an extended time and acquired a liking for it. Among all the available books treating mathematical methods of physics this one certainly stands out and assuredly it would suit the needs of many physics readers." ZENTRALBLATT MATH Review by G.Roepstorff, University of Aachen, Germany "... Unlike most existing texts with the same emphasis and audience, which are merely collections of facts and formulas, the present book is more systematic, self-contained, with a level of presentation that tends to be more formal and abstract. This entails proving a large number of theorems, lemmas, and corollaries, deferring most of the applications that physics students might be interested in to the example sections in small print. Indeed, there are 350 worked-out examples and about 850 problems. ... A very nice feature is the way the author intertwines the formalism with the life stories and anecdotes of some mathematicians and physicists, leading at their times. As is often the case, the historical view point helps to understand and appreciate the ideas presented in the text. ... For the physics student in the middle of his training, it will certainly prove to be extremely useful." THE PHYSICIST Review by Paul Davies, Orion Productions, Adelaide, Australia "I am pleased to have so many topics collected in a single volume. All the tricks are there of course, but supported by sufficient rigour and substantiation to make the dedicated mathematical physicist sigh with delight." EMS [EUROPEAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY] NEWSLETTER "This book is a condensed exposition of the mathematics that is met in most parts of physics. The presentation attains a very good balance between the formal introduction of concepts, theorems and proofs on one hand, and the applied approach on the other, with many examples, fully or partially solved problems, and historical remarks. An impressive amount of mathematics is covered. ... This book can be warmly recommended as a basic source for the study of mathematics for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students in physics and applied mathematics, and also as a reference book for all working mathematicians and physicists ."

The Foundations Of Mathematics

Author : Ian Stewart
ISBN : 9780198706434
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 66. 67 MB
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The transition from school mathematics to university mathematics is seldom straightforward. Students are faced with a disconnect between the algorithmic and informal attitude to mathematics at school, versus a new emphasis on proof, based on logic, and a more abstract development of general concepts, based on set theory. The authors have many years' experience of the potential difficulties involved, through teaching first-year undergraduates and researching the ways in which students and mathematicians think. The book explains the motivation behind abstract foundational material based on students' experiences of school mathematics, and explicitly suggests ways students can make sense of formal ideas. This second edition takes a significant step forward by not only making the transition from intuitive to formal methods, but also by reversing the process- using structure theorems to prove that formal systems have visual and symbolic interpretations that enhance mathematical thinking. This is exemplified by a new chapter on the theory of groups. While the first edition extended counting to infinite cardinal numbers, the second also extends the real numbers rigorously to larger ordered fields. This links intuitive ideas in calculus to the formal epsilon-delta methods of analysis. The approach here is not the conventional one of 'nonstandard analysis', but a simpler, graphically based treatment which makes the notion of an infinitesimal natural and straightforward. This allows a further vision of the wider world of mathematical thinking in which formal definitions and proof lead to amazing new ways of defining, proving, visualising and symbolising mathematics beyond previous expectations.

Foundations Of Mathematical Economics

Author : Michael Carter
ISBN : 0262531925
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37. 51 MB
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An economics-focused introduction to the mathematical foundations of the field.

Foundations Of Mathematical And Computational Economics

Author : Kamran Dadkhah
ISBN : 3642137482
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 61. 95 MB
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This is a book on the basics of mathematics and computation and their uses in economics for modern day students and practitioners. The reader is introduced to the basics of numerical analysis as well as the use of computer programs such as Matlab and Excel in carrying out involved computations. Sections are devoted to the use of Maple in mathematical analysis. Examples drawn from recent contributions to economic theory and econometrics as well as a variety of end of chapter exercises help to illustrate and apply the presented concepts.

Principia Mathematica To 56

Author : Alfred North Whitehead
ISBN : 0521626064
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44. 41 MB
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The great three-volume Principia Mathematica (CUP 1927) is deservedly the most famous work ever written on the foundations of mathematics. Its aim is to deduce all the fundamental propositions of logic and mathematics from a small number of logical premises and primitive ideas, establishing that mathematics is a development of logic. This abridged text of Volume I contains the material that is most relevant to an introductory study of logic and the philosophy of mathematics (more advanced students will of course wish to refer to the complete edition). It contains the whole of the preliminary sections (which present the authors' justification of the philosophical standpoint adopted at the outset of their work); the whole of Part I (in which the logical properties of propositions, propositional functions, classes and relations are established); section A of Part II (dealing with unit classes and couples); and Appendices A and C (which give further developments of the argument on the theory of deduction and truth functions).

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