industrial transition new global local patterns of production work and innovation

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Industrial Transition

Author : Martina Fuchs
ISBN : 9781317117018
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 40 MB
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Recently, the international division of labour in industrial production has grown increasingly more volatile. The separation between 'high-end' tasks undertaken in the traditional core economies and 'low-end' tasks undertaken in newly emerging economies has become increasingly blurred. The new dynamics and unpredictability of actor and process configurations in internationalized production bring new challenges for research in economic geography, regional economics and management sciences. The allocation of R&D and production mandates within or between enterprises, the setting up, closing down, purchase or sale of subsidiaries at different localities, the shifting patterns of collaborative innovation, together with newly evolving forms of capitalism, all appear to interact in ways not seen before. It appears we have entered a new era termed 'industrial transition'. This book forms the first approach toward conceptualising the term and compiling illustrative empirical underpinnings. Contributions by an international set of renowned economic geographers highlight the major features and case studies of 'industrial transition' and address various questions that matter for the future of our global economy: How are regions and localities affected by the shift of product mandates? In which ways do changes differ between industrial sectors and economic regions? How can regions and localities adequately prepare for or react to foreseeable changes; and how can regional resilience and response capacities be built and enhanced?

Worldwide Knowledge

Author : Martina Fuchs
ISBN : 9781134785568
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67. 59 MB
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Putting forward a comprehensive view of knowledge with a specific perspective on place and space, this book provides a new perspective on the globalisation of knowledge. Crossing disciplinary boundaries, the principal agenda of this volume is to open up a perspective ‘beyond knowledge’ - i.e. beyond the interpretation of knowledge as scientific-technical knowledge. Author Martina Fuchs introduces further kinds of knowledge and interpretation which influence managements’ perception of globalisation and therefore the knowledge which is going global. She refers to knowledge in the sense of experiences, competencies in the production and labour process, as well as mutually shared mental constructs which are embedded in a context of understanding and interpretation. Exploring beyond the meaning of worldwide knowledge as general open access knowledge, this book also discusses barriers to knowledge, problems of transfer, and the influence of governance and control.

Innovation And Regional Development In China

Author : Ingo Liefner
ISBN : 9781136259371
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76. 65 MB
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Although China is now the ‘factory of the world’, there is no reason to expect that it will always be content with manufacturing labor-intensive goods for foreign corporations. Scholars must now ask: What is the current level of innovation in China? And how can we face this challenge and renovate industrial production and innovation capacities in developed countries? This edited volume investigates the unique characteristics of Chinese innovation and regional development, China’s policy framework, and the role that transnational corporations play in China’s increasing innovation activities. This book contributes to the heated debate regarding pathways for technology progress and regional development in developing countries, and identifies the ways in which local production networks respond to different configurations of external linkages. Linking patterns of global and local production networks with the trajectories of technology development and regional development allows the authors to theorize and test whether, and how, particular configurations of production networks generate divergent long-term local productivity growth and technological development outcomes. Innovation and Regional Development in China will be of interest to geographers, economists, China specialists, development specialists, and scholars working on innovation and regional development in developing areas and transition countries.

Competency Based Education And Training

Author : Antonio Argüelles
ISBN : 9681861132
Genre : Education
File Size : 72. 6 MB
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The Social And Economic Impact Of New Technology 1978 84 A Select Bibliography

Author : Leslie Grayson
ISBN : 9781468482584
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 69 MB
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Silicon chip technology; microprocessor technology; information technology; or quite simply new technology. These are some of the names representing the microelectronics revolution depending upon the audience being addressed by speaker or writer. No previous new industrial development has caused such widespread publicity and discussion amongst users and researchers as the new technology. Concern is being expressed about the effects of new technology on employment, job satisfaction, social life, leisure activities and the economics of commerce and industry. The late 70s saw many doom-laden predictions of those effects but by 1983 both management and trade unions were taking a more objective view of the social and economic impacts, and many correspondents now see the new technology as a means of opening up new industries and overcoming the effects of world recessions. The "chip" has involved the factory floor, the office, the supermarket and the home. Electronic funds transfer, electronic shopping, microelectronic domestic appliances, word processors and microprocessor-controlled machinery mean that the new technology has pervaded all aspects of social and economic life, and the developed countries are now coming to accept it as part of society as a whole. Inevitably the flood of literature on the social and economic impacts of new technology has been overwhelming. Unfortunately the quality of information and arguments propagated at conferences, in journal papers and research reports has indicated that there has been little quantifiable evidence available on the effects of these impacts.

Changing Production Patterns

Author :
ISBN : 9789280720730
Genre : Best management practices (Pollution prevention)
File Size : 40. 92 MB
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One of the keys to achieving sustainable development is changing the production patterns that waste resources and emit more pollutants than our ecosystem can absorb. Reviewing case studies and experiences was not enough to implement changes. What was needed was technical and financial assistance to help companies get started. UNEP and UNIDO worked in a proactive partnership to establish the "National Cleaner Production Centres" with a hope that they would serve as a model to be replicated by other countries. The aim of this publication is to provide some guidelines to those wanting to learn from the experiences, positive or negative, of the UNIDO/UNEP National Cleaner Production Centres, so that they can move forward on their own and thus contribute towards changing production patterns in their countries.

The Network Society

Author : Manuel Castells
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114532059
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67. 81 MB
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This book explores the patterns and dynamics of the network society through its policies. Topics range from the knowledge economy, based on technology and innovation, to organizational reform and modernization in the public sector. The contributors also examine media and communication policies. Contributors include Jorge Sampaio (president of the Portugese Republic), Manuel Castells (UCLA), Gustavo Cardoso (CIES/ISCTE, Portugal), Dale W. Jorgenson (Harvard University), Khuong M.Vu (Suffolk University), Luc Soete (UNU-INTECH and MERIT), Jane Fountain (University of Massachusetts-Amherst), James Katz (Rutgers University), Betty Collis (University of Twente, The Netherlands), Geoff Mulgan (Institute of Community Studies, London), Marcelo Branco (Brazilian Information Society), Jonathan Taplin (Annenberg School for Communication, University of Southern California), Imma Tubella (Open University of Catalonia, Barcelona), François Bar (Annenberg School for Communication, USC), Hernan Galperin (Annenberg School for Communication, USC), Jeff Cole (Annenberg School for Communication, USC),William Mitchell (MIT), Erkki Liikanen (Bank of Finland), Pekka Himanen (Helsinki Institute for Information Society and University of California, Berkeley), Carlos Alvarez (secretary of state for the economy, Chile), and Maria João Rodrigues (ISCTE, University of Lisbon).

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