biological learning and control how the brain builds representations predicts events and makes decisions

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Biological Learning And Control

Author : Reza Shadmehr
ISBN : 9780262016964
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 32 MB
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In Biological Learning and Control, Reza Shadmehr and Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi present a theoretical framework for understanding the regularity of the brain's perceptions, its reactions to sensory stimuli, and its control of movements. They offer an account of perception as the combination of prediction and observation: the brain builds internal models that describe what should happen and then combines this prediction with reports from the sensory system to form a belief. Considering the brain's control of movements, and variations despite biomechanical similarities among old and young, healthy and unhealthy, and humans and other animals, Shadmehr and Mussa-Ivaldi review evidence suggesting that motor commands reflect an economic decision made by our brain weighing reward and effort. This evidence also suggests that the brain prefers to receive a reward sooner than later, devaluing or discounting reward with the passage of time; then as the value of the expected reward changes in the brain with the passing of time (because of development, disease, or evolution), the shape of our movements will also change. The internal models formed by the brain provide the brain with an essential survival skill: the ability to predict based on past observations. The formal concepts presented by Shadmehr and Mussa-Ivaldi offer a way to describe how representations are formed, what structure they have, and how the theoretical concepts can be tested.

Neural Control Engineering

Author : Steven J. Schiff
ISBN : 9780262015370
Genre : Medical
File Size : 25. 73 MB
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How powerful new methods in nonlinear control engineering can be applied to neuroscience, from fundamental model formulation to advanced medical applications.

Human Robotics

Author : Etienne Burdet
ISBN : 9780262019538
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 43 MB
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A synthesis of biomechanics and neural control that draws on recent advances in robotics to address control problems solved by the human sensorimotor system.

The Brain

Author : Rob DeSalle
ISBN : 0300205724
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 3 MB
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Based the latest findings in evolutionary biology, neuroscience and molecular biology, this first full, step-by-step account of the evolution of the brain and nervous system explains the how the cognitive gulf that separates us from all other living creatures could have occurred.

In The Light Of Evolution

Author : Jonathan B. Losos
ISBN : 0981519490
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 17 MB
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Evolution Emerging is a collection of essays by leading scientists. The essays are fascinating stories in themselves, but they also give an insiders view into how these researchers go about their work. Contributors include Edmund Brodie III, James Curtsinger, Ted Daeschler, Douglas Emlen, Harry Greene, Luke Harmon, Daniel Lieberman, Jonathan Losos, Axel Meyer, David C. Queller, Neil Shubin, David Reznick, Michael Ryan, and Marlene Zuk. The book also includes an essay by award-winning science writer Carl Zimmer and a foreword by David Quammen.

Educating Everybody S Children

Author : Robert W. Cole
ISBN : 9781416612490
Genre : Education
File Size : 58. 30 MB
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Designed to promote reflection, discussion, and action among the entire learning community, Educating Everybody's Children encapsulates what research has revealed about successfully addressing the needs of students from economically, ethnically, culturally, and linguistically diverse groups and identifies a wide range of effective principles and instructional strategies. Although good teaching works well with all students, educators must develop an extensive repertoire of instructional tools to meet the varying needs of students from diverse backgrounds. Those tools and the knowledge base behind them are the foundation of this expanded and revised second edition of Educating Everybody's Children. Each strategy discussed in the book includes classroom examples and a list of the research studies that support it. The most important thing we have learned as a result of the education reform movement is that student achievement stands or falls on the motivation and skills of teachers. We must ensure that all teachers are capable of delivering a standards?based curriculum that describes what students should know and be able to do, and that these standards are delivered by means of a rich and engaging "pedagogy of plenty." By these two acts we can ensure that all schools will be ready and able to educate everybody's children.

Descartes Error

Author : Antonio Damasio
ISBN : 9781407072067
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 78. 59 MB
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In the centuries since Descartes famously proclaimed, 'I think, therefore I am,' science has often overlooked emotions as the source of a person's true being. Even modern neuroscience has tended until recently to concentrate on the cognitive aspects of brain function, disregarding emotions. This attitude began to change with the publication of Descartes' Error. Antonio Damasio challenged traditional ideas about the connection between emotions and rationality. In this wonderfully engaging book, Damasio takes the reader on a journey of scientific discovery through a series of case studies, demonstrating what many of us have long suspected: emotions are not a luxury, they are essential to rational thinking and to normal social behaviour.

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